Welcome to the website of the project "Restoration of dry grasslands (Magredi) in four Natura 2000 Network sites of Friuli Lowland". The project is dedicated to the preservation of latest dry grasslands of Friuli lowlands - also called "Magredi" - to their restoration from abandoned farming lands or through scrub-clearing operations, allochthonous plant species control and rare and endangered species transplantation.
On May 17 2019, the conference to present the final results of the Life Magredi Grasslands Project was held in Udine in the auditorium of the Region. In the morning, there was a technical session dedicated to the Magredi and the restoration project of 484 hectares of dry grasslands on land owned by the Regional Water Authority. In the afternoon, a workshop was held to exchange views with various individuals and entertainers of the territory that in various capacities are dealing with the theme of awareness and enhancement of the Magredi.
During the conference, there was a presentation of the volume that collects and illustrates 7 years of activities carried out as part of the Project of Recovery and Enhancement of the magredi. Along with the other info materials produced thanks to the Life Program Funds these were handed out to the participants.
Download here the material and information concerning the Life Magredi Grasslands Project.
The downloadable documents of the project are and remain property of the region who makes them available as material of public interest.
The intellectual property of technical, scientific and image content cannot be used by third parties in other publications and reports written or presented as their own, even in public competitions, without properly mentioning sources and authors.
Contact us to receive paper publications
To receive the publications just send a request with your personal data, profession and the reason for the request to the following address of the Region.
The volume is the best compendium for those who want to tackle and fully understand the theme of the dry grasslands of Friuli and the Life Magredi Grasslands Project at all levels. A series of coloured boxes, allows the user to learn more about the topics covered.
In addition, the particularly evocative quality images chosen from the many beautiful shots that some naturalists and exceptional photographers have chosen to make public as a testimony of their attachment and love towards this land helps to give an immediate visual understanding of some rather complex concepts illustrated within the text.
The first section of the book aims to highlight the essential elements that characterize the magredi and their preservation by integrating the contents of other publications.
In particular, some interpretations are given about the vegetation of the landscape and the ecological mechanisms that characterize the vegetation of the magredi and the species associated with it.
A section is then dedicated to the realization of the complex and articulated Life Magredi Grasslands Project illustrating the four main actions of restoration of the habitats.
Lastly, in order to promote the understanding of the activities carried out, four itineraries are proposed in the second part of the publication for those who want to learn more about the magredi in person, to understand how they were recovered, managed and where they can be visited.
A publication designed to support nature guides and teachers through a series of educational papers useful to carry out activities, both in the classroom and outdoors, which will help students, and more generally children, to understand the extraordinary peculiarity of a territory of great originality and certainly unique in the regional, national and European landscape.
The book is divided into three sections. The first is dedicated to the physical composition, geology and hydrogeology of the magredi ecosystem, the second to the exceptional flora and endemic species such as the Friuli Cabbage (discovered as an exclusive species of these territories by Professor Poldini) and the Tartari?s Crambe, illustrating their adaptations to a both arid and rainy environment, the third to the particular fauna that inhabits the dry grasslands. The evidence of some keywords allows you to focus on the fundamental concepts and acquire the correct terminology in addition to fully understanding the topics covered.
With their silence and stillness, the magredi make up a unique ecosystem dominated by the presence of the stones, locally knowns like: "claps"
The film explores the environment of the dry grasslands in its various aspects revealing little by little how, what appears an arid and stony desert, especially in summer and winter, actually hides an environment rich in biodiversity. This typical Friuli steppes miraculously survived on the edge of the Padana plain.
This is why the Autonomous Region Friuli Venezia Giulia has developed the LIFE MAGREDI GRASSLANDS project in which more than 400 hectares of dry grasslands have been restored in 4 important protected areas at European level.
The documentary highlights the various stages of recovery of the dry grasslands threatened by the advance of the forest, but above all by the invasion of shrubs outside the context of the magredi themselves.
Thanks to this initiative, the foundations are laid to transform the magredi from an abandoned place to an opportunity to preserve and enhance a territory, which is at the same time unusual, extraordinary and unexpected in the regional, Italian and European context.
Regione autonoma Friuli Venezia Giulia
Realizzato da TERRA S.r.l Roma, Regia Roberta Cortella
In order to promote the preservation of the magredi, and more generally the meadows, it is necessary to recover the role and historical significance that they have always had. It is, therefore, necessary to support the usefulness of dry meadows and pastures that are now recognised as providers of biodiversity and accessory ecosystem services. Other uses include wildlife refuges, producers of hay, flowers and honey, which are linked to the presence of insects essential to agriculture and the production of meat, milk and other quality derivatives. They are fundamental elements of which the Natura 2000 Ecological Network and protected natural areas are an integral part and that is why it is essential to strengthen them to create added value to all the lowlands of the plain. In order to support this, the Public Authority must increasingly work in synergy with other local bodies such as municipalities, associations and farmers by putting in place measures to encourage their management and compensation for the constraints of protecting this very important common heritage.
Until a few decades ago, the problem of the management of natural environment was not even taken into consideration because his prevalence over the space "domesticated" by man was such that they appeared as infinite space . Today the situation has completely reversed due to the progressive destruction of habitats and natural spaces that, from dominant have become more and more residual spaces. This resulted is the decline of many wild species and of the biodiversity associated with them. Habitat management today seems even more urgent for environments, such as the magredi that experts call "secondary", i.e. dynamic habitats that are subject to continuous transformation and for this require constant management. All of this It was once guaranteed by traditional and extensive agricultural practices (such as mowing, grazing and timber harvesting) that have been handed down until the third millennium but which are now increasingly falling into disuse due to the profound socio-economic changes that have affected our ultra-technological society which however is increasingly detached from the "land" and the "territory".
So the magredi are not completely natural environments but territories conditioned and helped by a management model that today seems economically less viable and that for this reason makes these environments, together with the other lowland meadows, strongly threatened by the abandonment of human activities.
Through the Life Project, different techniques for restoring and managing dry grasslands have been experimented testing and verifying the effectiveness of the various methods in obtaining the target result. Different intervention methods and different types of machinery were tested, suggesting changes to the equipment that were deemed necessary to allow the restoration of natural environments for which those machines were not designed. In fact, the market for agricultural equipment is still not oriented towards nature restoration activities and is still limited in producing operational lines dedicated to this important topic, in support of the nature engineering that is becoming of increasing interest especially for public bodies. Today, this informations is available in this handbook is made available to all operators in the sector to be shared them , to transfer and to find the best pratics.
The Layman's report contains all the main information and the main results of the LIFE MAGREDI GRASSLANDS Project, download the report through the link below.
On the afternoon of May 17 2019, during the Final Conference, an important moment of involvement was held with the various stakeholders and promoters of the territory who over the years have contributed, in various ways to promoting and enhancing the reality of the magredi. The occasion proved to be a fundamental meeting point to reflect on the future of these places: a fruitful workshop of ideas and debate, useful to outline the next strategies for the management of the restored areas in the phase that will follow the end of the Project and that can only be carried out successfully by creating the right synergy and collaboration between the Regional Administration, municipalities, associations and farmers.
Worshop territorio foto R. Gardonio
On March 20 2019, an event was held in Cordenons Council Hall (PN) with the presentation of the results of the Life Project in which an educational workshop was held for primary, middle and high school teachers. The final conference in Udine was announced during the same evening.
Cordenons convegno finale foto R. Gardonio
An original aspect, and by all accounts extremely interesting connected to the final conference, was given by the opportunity to visit the areas concerned by restorations on the weekend immediately following the conference.
visita ai luoghi dei ripristini foto R.Gardonio
The European Union has set a specific financial instrument called "LIFE + Nature & Biodiversity" which financially supports projects that pursue the objectives of biodiversity safeguard through the protection and restoration of endangered habitats and species. This instrument is a concrete support to the strengthening of the "Natura 2000" ecological network.
THE "MAGREDI" LIFE PROJECT
The Friuli Venezia Region - through his own Service who has specific responsibilities regarding the protection of biodiversity - is implementing a LIFE project for the protection of four Sites part of Natura 2000 network.
In addition to the redevelopment of degraded habitats inside the Special Protection Area "Magredi del Cellina" are expected many initiatives to recover habitats of "Greto Tagliamento" (Tagliamento riverbed), "Medio Tagliamento" (middle Tagliamento) and "Confluenza Torre Natisone" (Torre and Natisone rivers confluence) Special Protection Areas.
"Magredi del Cellina" SPA is an integral part of the larger protected area known as Special Protection Area "Magredi di Pordenone" for which in 2010-2011 a series of meeting for the definition of the management plan were held. In that regard one of the objectives of the project is to achieve the approval of the four Management Plans within the closing date of the project. Another important pillar concerns the information and dissemination initiatives including a specific educational project for schools.